Indonesia an Island Nation, No Stranger to Disastrous Earthquakes

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The country of Indonesia has been the heart of many natural disasters, primarily due to the geographic proximity to large bodies of water. Tsunamis and typhoons are frequent, as well as, small-scale to large-scale mega thrust earthquakes which results from several extremely active subduction zones. Several active subduction zones are found there, the Indian-Australian plate moving beneath the Eurasian plate, moving at a rate of about 50-70 mm per year as well as, the Pacific plate moving beneath the Eurasian plate, moving at a rate of about 100- 110 mm per year. Earthquakes that shake this nation are no strangers to the inhabitants, who are frequently interrupted of their daily lives, and have known such impacts can be …show more content…
The two cities that sustained the most damages from severe earthquakes historically were Padang city and Banda Aceh city. Putra et al., 2012, described the location of Padang as being on the west coast of Sumatra, whose population is 856,814 and their population density, is about 8500 residents per kilometer squared. Similarly Putra et al., 2012, stated that Banda Aceh city is the capital of the province of Aceh and data collected from 2006 reported that the population of this city was 260,000. A study led by Mondastri, K. et al., 2012 of Global Health Action, explored the vulnerabilities from the 7.6 magnitude earthquake, which caused devastation to the city of Padang which is located in western Indonesia in fact, eleven of the nineteen cities were affected, approximately 57% of the country . Their study found that 1,117 people perished and 3,515 people sustained life-altering injuries (Mondastri, K. et al., 2012). Global Health Action listed the health consequences that the residents of Padang endured were: physical injury, disability, co-morbidity, and lowered quality of life (Mondastri, K. et al., 2012). Furthermore, Mondastri, K. et al. focuses on this region which is the capital of Western Sumatra

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