The Republic Of Haiti : Haiti Essay

1326 Words May 2nd, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction

Haiti, officially named the Republic of Haiti, is a Caribbean country that shares the island of Hispaniola with its neighboring country the Dominican Republic. The name “Haiti” comes from Hayti, meaning “mountainous.” Port-au-Prince is the capital and the most populous city of Haiti. Haiti is encircled in a nation of approximately eight million inhabitants. The currency of Haiti is Gourde and a republic government represents the country. Haiti is one of the most mountainous countries in the Caribbean with a tropical climate. The languages spoken in Haiti vary, while the majority of Haitians speaks Creole, the individuals of high socio-economic statuses speak fluent French and English. Religion plays an integral and powerful part of Haitian life and culture. Roman Catholicism is the official religion of Haiti. However, Voodoo and Protestant are also practiced. Agriculture is the primary economic activity in Haiti. Subsistence crops include cassava, rice, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, sorghum, yams, corn, and plantains. On January 12th, 2010, Haiti experienced a devastating tragedy. A 7.0 magnitude earthquake affected more than 3 million people and killed over 200,000. Furthermore, with the prevalence of natural disasters that affected the country, it led Haiti to high rates of poverty, unemployment, poor access to clean water, poor health, housing and lack of education. Also, due to geographic distance and the socioeconomic status of Haiti, many mothers/expecting…

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