The Hazards Presented by Volcanic and Seismic Events Have the Greatest Impact on the World’s Poorest People'. to What Extent Do You Agree with This View?
Hazards are anything that could cause damage to humans or buildings. Many volcanic and seismic events happen that cause hazards to humans. Often the world’s poorest people are hit the worst, however wealthier countries can also be adversely affected.
The Kobe earthquake in Japan 1995 struck at 5.45am. Many people were asleep in bed, causing the hazard to be increased because the people were unaware. Although many Japanese buildings were of aseismic design, the roofs of their houses were designed to withstand typhoons and so were very heavy. When the earthquake struck many people …show more content…
The 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China killed 70000 people. It is a highly tectonic area with an ancient faultline. Yet, it is also a very poor area and few buildings were of aseismic design. The earthquake struck at 2pm which meant that most people were at work but it was also the time when many children in school were having their afternoon sleep and they were crushed by falling schools. Approximately 6000 schoolchildren died. This loss is exacerbated by the Chinese one child policy and will impact upon the community for a long time. Although the region being very poor was extremely devastated when the earthquake struck, the steep topography of the area exacerbated the problems because it caused mass movement which killed 158 rescue workers and blocked many of the roads that aid workers were trying to use to get to the people. The Chinese government are now relocating many of the people from the area because it is unsafe – some say it is too late.
The 2004 Boxing Day tsunami affected many people with over 350000 killed. Indonesia, Sumatra and the Nicobar Islands were badly affected. The poorest people were the worst affected by the disaster because there was no warning and many did not know that there was that type of