Essay on The Canterbury Earthquake Of New Zealand
The 2010 Canterbury Earthquake happened near Christchurch, New Zealand on the South Island on September 4, 2010 at 4:35 a.m. (see Figure 1) (Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand, n.d.). The focus of the earthquake was at 5 km or 3.1 miles below the surface (United States Geological Survey, n.d.). It had a 7.1 magnitude on the Richter scale and it caused widespread damage in the city. Two people sustained injuries and one person died from a heart attack, but it is not known if the death was related to the earthquake. There were very few casualties because most people were in their homes at the time of the earthquake. Movement along an unknown fault in the Canterbury Plains caused the earthquake. The fault appeared about 50 miles from the boundary between the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates (Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand, n.d.).
The aftershocks occurred several months afterwards the September 2010 earthquake until December 2011 (Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand, n.d.). The largest one happened on February 22, 2011 at 12:51 p.m. with a magnitude of 6.3. This aftershock occurred near Christchurch and it killed 185 people. The collapse of the Canterbury Television (CTV) building killed 110 people (Rafferty & Murray, 2014). There were so many casualties because the earth quake happened around lunchtime, when many people were on the streets (Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand, n.d.). Between September 2010…