‘Technology is the best way to reduce the impact of an earthquake’ to what extent do you agree with this view? (40 marks)
An earthquake is a sudden violent shaking of the ground, typically causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth’s crust or volcanic action. Impacts of an earthquake can include short-term impacts such as fatalities, or long-term impacts such as income lost through lack of tourism. Technology can be used to predict the likelihood of an earthquake occurring in a particular area, for example by detecting plate movement, and this can reduce the impacts of an earthquake in return. This essay will discuss whether technology is the best way to reduce the impact of an earthquake or not.
…show more content…
It can be argued that technology is a very good way of reducing the impacts of an earthquake but there are other, more successful ways. Examples of this include strengthening existing infrastructure as new infrastructure can be specially designed to withstand strong tremors, which directly reduces the likelihood of damage from earthquakes as it is the surroundings that cause the most damage from an earthquake as opposed to the actual tremors. For example, the Ritz-Carlton hotel in Los Angeles reinforced its existing infrastructure by wrapping steel framed around its pillars and placing steel rods in the exiting structure. Planning the location of infrastructure can also reduce the impacts of damage from earthquakes as by building new infrastructure away from earthquake zones reduces economic damage to the building itself and lowers the number of deaths caused by falling infrastructure. Authorities can implement guidelines and laws on the location of new infrastructure as well as setting limits on the heights of buildings to reduce negative impacts. Fireproof materials and automatic shut-off valves can also be installed into gas pipes and electricity supplies to minimize the secondary-effect risks of fire in the event of an earthquake. Another crucial way of reducing the impacts of earthquakes in education on emergency