Rice Wheat Farming : An Source Of Food Security Essay

1095 Words Nov 15th, 2014 null Page
Rice-Wheat Farming Adaptation to Agro-ecosystem and Weather The rice-wheat farming system in the Indo-Gangetic plain occupies 13.5 M ha of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. In India rice-wheat farming system is the major source of food security as it produces 85% of cereal in 10 M ha. Initially large scale cultivation of in the North-western Indo-gangetic plain was wheat and Eastern Indo gangetic plain was rice due to the favourable climate. The adaptation and expansion of Rice-Wheat farming system of China in India occurred with the development of short duration varieties of rice and wheat (Timsina and Connor, 2004). In addition to indo-gangetic plain Rice-wheat farming system is practised in Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and south west of India. In this farming system the cropping pattern is rice in the warm wet summers (June - October) and wheat in dry cool winters (November to March) in a calendar year (Ladha, 2003) . The productivity increased in the period 1960’s to 1990’s due to green revolution ( ). In the last decade the yield is stagnant and declining in some places. Conservation agriculture is preferred as it reduces the cost of production and also increases productivity through timely management. Few adapted conservative agriculture practices are illustrated here.

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Water management the tube well irrigation deplete groundwater( Aggarwal, 2004) The water…

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