Essay on Japan 's Impact On The World

1442 Words Apr 29th, 2016 null Page
In 2011, Japan experienced one of the largest earthquakes the country has ever had to face. On March 11, 2011 near the northeast coast of the island, Honshu, Japan, there was a 9.0 magnitude earthquake which took thousands of lives and caused endless destruction. According to the United States Geological Survey, this was the fourth largest earthquake in the world since 1900 (USGS, 2012). Earthquakes are a violent shaking of the ground caused by a rapid release of energy as a result of tectonic plate motion. From an article on Earth Scope, the 2011 Japan earthquake was caused from thrust faulting near the convergent plate boundary between the North American Plate and the Pacific Plate. The lithosphere of the Western Pacific plate boundary started to subduct under Japan causing the seismic activity. The Western pacific plate moves about 83mm/yr westward with regards to the North American plate and the Pacific Plate started moving westward beneath Japan at the Japan Trench (Earth Scope, 2015). There was a horizontal displacement that was observed and about 17 meters of maximum displacement according to USGS (USGS, 2014). Focal depth was reported at 18.6 miles and the epicenter was 80 miles East of Sendai and 231 miles Northeast of Tokyo (NASA Earth Observatory, 2011). According to the Japan Meteorological Agency, the seismic intensity was more than 6, in about 28 cities (Japan Meteorological Agency, 2011). From this earthquake, the largest fault slip was recorded and there…

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