The Hariyo Ban program is an ambitious program designed to benefit nature and people in Nepal. It was started with the vision of reducing adverse impacts of climate change and threats to biodiversity, by restoring and conserving forests while improving livelihoods, and building resilience to climate change in both people and ecosystems in 2011. It works on three core interwoven components – biodiversity conservation, sustainable landscapes and climate adaptation – with livelihoods, gender and social inclusion being important crosscutting themes. Hariyo Ban is a USAID-funded consortium of four core partner organizations – World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE), Federation of
…show more content…
Infrastructure development, resettlement, urban expansion, and agriculture expansion has taken as main cause of deforestation in some area. There are different type of forest protected areas management in CHAL namely government-managed forests, protection forests, community forests, leasehold forests and buffer zone community forests. Agriculture is the major source of livelihoods for the majority of the landscape’s population. Moreover, there exist a number of forest-based, agriculture based and other micro-enterprises in the landscape and greater scope of promoting them. However, the lack of awareness about possibilities and benefits, lack of or inadequate technical and financial capacities and support, problems in transportation and marketing of agricultural products, lack of or poor accessibility to livestock health care services, and low participation of women and Dalits in the existing enterprises have weaken the possibility of developing and expanding green micro-enterprises. The road network comprises 1,260.87 km black-topped roads in 15 districts, 291.8 km gravel roads, and 918.45 km mud roads. Most of the gravel and mud roads have been constructed without proper planning and Around 79 percent of the total energy consumed in 16 districts (excluding Palpa, Syangja and Kaski) in 2008-2009 was based on wood fuel (WWF-2013).
Climate change adaptation activities are