Discuss the view that the impact of earthquake hazards depends primarily on human factors (40)
Intro –What is a hazard? - Human and Physical Factors – How to manage with events
Main – Natural Hazards – Human Factors – Management
– Case Studies –California 1994 –Gujarat 2001 –Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004
Earthquake Hazards occur when there are adverse effects on human activities. This can include surface faulting, ground shaking and liquefaction. In this essay I will be discussing the factors that affect earthquakes, whether human such as population density, urbanisation and earthquake mitigation or physical such as liquefaction, magnitude, landslides and proximity to the focus.
Economic Development is one of the greatest …show more content…
Finally, the physical factor of land relief plays a major part in impacting on people when a quake strikes. For example in the Haitian earthquake of 2010, although there were over 220,000 deaths, not many of these were caused by secondary effects such as landslides. Because Haiti is a low lying country, there weren’t any opportunities to suffer more fatalities through landslides, however, in the lesser known quake in Iwate-Miyagi-Nariku, Japan there were many landslides, the largest of which was caused by the 7.2 magnitude earthquake which occurred on 14 June 2008.
In conclusion, I think that it is difficult to argue convincingly that the impact of human hazards depends primarily on human factors because in every case there are always numerous factors that contribute to the extent of the earthquake. The easy route would be to