Essay on Disasters Caused By Earthquakes And Disasters

1201 Words Nov 14th, 2015 null Page
Every year, the Earth is rocked by thousands of earthquakes that causes damage ranging from non-existent to severe. These severe earthquakes can cause major damage to the cities ' buildings and infrastructure around the world, but more importantly many innocent people are injured and killed in these disasters. On average, 13 300 people are killed and over 4 million people are affected each year as a result of earthquakes. Also, earthquakes costs the world economy US$12,106,198,000 per year on average, with most expenses coming from Japanese earthquake damage. The highest magnitude earthquake was recorded in Alaska in 1964, measuring in at 9.2 on the Richter scale. One of the most recent devastating earthquakes occurred in Nepal in March, 2015, killing just under 6000 people and costing the Nepalese economy almost 20 billion dollars in the rebuilding process. There are a number of ways an individual and a country can prevent the amount of fatalities and damage to society.
Earthquakes come as a result of faults sliding past or against each other, which creates a large amount of pressure releasing a considerable amount of seismic waves causing the ground to rumble during an earthquake. Earthquakes can range from severe to minor, depending on whether the quake is a deep or shallow focus. Severe earthquakes mainly occur along major fault lines (such as the Pacific Ring of Fire) where the earthquakes are strong enough to damage buildings and infrastructure, and also cause…

Related Documents