The definitions of crime and law differ from country to country as well as it is also affected by time. For instance, it is not a crime to eat or butcher a dog in Mainland China but it is illegal to do so in Hong Kong (China and Hong Kong are one country but both have their own political and social system, so their definitions and process of crime and law differ) and to consume or trade of opium was legal in Hong Kong before second world war but after that it is criminalized to trade or consume opium in Hong Kong. Today opium is illegal all over the world. Now we can make a point that criminalizing any behaviour by the law is relatively affected by time and space in general. The certain types of behaviour that is criminalized in early days
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To put my point forward I would like to abstract from the course book, unit 1, page 4, ‘Richard Quinney (1969) and Willim Chambliss (1964) argues that only certain types of behaviour are legally defined as crimes, and those with power and resources in a given society determine which types of behaviour will be defined as crimes and which types will not be so defined. ….the criminal law in a capitalist nation reflects the will of the economic elite; behaviour that threatens the interests of that (those) elite will be harshly punished.’ In conflict perspective of the criminalization of behaviour elite group will benefit from the criminal law and lower class will be in disadvantage. The capitalistic authority always suspects lower class of committing crime but elite class also commit crime. The offences of elite class are usually white collar and they are sometimes protected by the system itself. Therefore; it is believed, conflict perspectives are socioeconomic and political rather than legal.
If criminal law in any society represents social consensus or agreement, it is called consensus perspective. Whether the person’s behaviour is criminal or not the society will go through various talks, share fundamental values and people will reach to an agreement. Due to different cultures, religions and customs the fundamental values of the societies differ. Therefore, according to