Essay on 7 Wonders of the Ancient World

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7 Ancient Wonders of the World

1.     The Hanging Gardens of Babylon – Located approximately 50km south of Baghdad, Iraq on the east bank of the Euphrates River. King Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC), grandson of the famous King Hammurabi, is credited to have commissioned the construction of the gardens. Although no tablets were found in Babylon referring to the Gardens, accountings from the ancient Greek historian, Strabo, state that the “The Garden is quadrangular, and each side is four plethra long. It consists of arched vaults which are located on checkered cube-like foundations.. The ascent of the uppermost terrace-roofs is made by a stairway..”

2.     The Great Pyramid of Giza – The
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It was commissioned in 550 BC by King Croesus of Lydia, designed by the Greek architect Chersiphron, and decorated by the finest artists of that time period: Pheidias, Polycleitus, Kresilas, and Phradmon. The beautiful building was creating using all marble, with a decorated façade overlooking the courtyard. There were some 127 columns, each of them 60 feet tall, placed all over the platform area, with exception to the “house of the goddess”. The temple served as both a marketplace and religious center for almost 200 years, but was burned down by Herostratus on July 21st, 356 BC, in order to mark his name in the history books. Coincidentally, this was the same night that Alexander the Great was born. Within 20 years the temple was restored to its original glamour, only to be destroyed again by the Goths in 262 AD, never to have been rebuilt, as most of the Ephesians had converted to Christianity by that time.

5.     The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus – The project of this burial chamber was designed for King Mausollos of Caria, by his wife and sister Artemisia. Commissioned sometime during his life, purportedly, it was not completed until 3 years after his death. It was 14 stories tall, constructed by the Greek architect Pythias in 350 BC, made of the finest quality marble. The burial chamber and sarcophagus were made of white alabaster, decorated with gold and surrounded by columns. A statue of a chariot being pulled

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